Swan & Ft. Lowell and W. Irvington

Basics of Auto

Understanding more about your car insurance is the only way
you’ll receive the most value for dollars spent.
Tucson Landmarks

Insurance Options

Let’s examine the types of car insurance you can purchase to make deciding what you need more straightforward.

When choosing, or looking at yours, you will find there are multiple coverage types in one policy. You will also have to make sure that you meet your state’s specific minimum legal requirements.

This page will cover the following insurance options:

Liability Insurance
Underinsured and Uninsured Drivers Insurance
Collision Insurance
Comprehensive Insurance
Medical payments coverage (MPC)
Personal injury protection (PIP)

Average annual premium for minimum coverage in Arizona


Average annual premium for full coverage in Arizona


Liability Insurance

When you’re at fault or are legally responsible for an accident, you need liability insurance, of which there are the following 2 types:

Bodily Injury Liability:

  • This covers injuries that you’ve been legally deemed to have caused.
  • Anyone else driving your car receives this insurance.
  • Bodily injury liability pays for x-rays, surgery, missed work, etc.
  • Each state has a respective minimum for bodily injury insurance liability coverage.

Property Damage Liability:

  • This covers any property damage you’ve legally been ruled to cause in a collision (e.g., cars, fences, buildings, mailboxes, lampposts).
  • Your own damaged property won’t be covered if with this insurance.
Liability Insurance

Minimum insurance requirements in Arizona

Bodily Injury Liability Per Person
Bodily Injury Per Accident
Property Damage Liability

Coverage for Underinsured and Uninsured Drivers


Provided you’ve been hit by someone without liability insurance (or enough of it), this coverage kicks in. It kicks in for any expense related to the car accident. Also, it applies to a designated driver or a member of your family driving your car.

This coverage could protect you if you’re struck by an uninsured or underinsured driver as a pedestrian or in a hit-and-run. This insurance type may extend to property damage, but that might require separate coverage.

Depending on where you live, this insurance type might be mandatory.

Collision Insurance

Collision Insurance

This insurance type kicks in for fixing the damage your vehicle experiences in a collision and might even extend to potholes. Generally, collision coverage comes into play for the most standard multi-driver accidents.

Here are two crucial considerations:

  • Collision insurance doesn’t cover another driver’s car.
  • It also doesn’t extend to mechanical issues or problems to do with your vehicle’s age.

You likely shouldn’t buy this kind of coverage if your car is used and has lots of miles on it.

Comprehensive Insurance

comprehensive coverage

It’s not always a vehicular collision that causes damage to your car. Catastrophes such as fires, earthquakes, and floods are notorious for tearing automobiles apart. Furthermore, you might hit a deer, fall victim to vandals, or get hit by a falling object.

Regardless of the freak occurrence, comprehensive coverage will kick in when it happens.

While it might seem a little far-fetched to pay for this type of coverage, those with a newer and higher-priced car might want it. If anything, it’ll give you peace of mind knowing you won’t leave empty-handed in the ultimate worst-case scenario.

Medical payments coverage (MPC)


Anybody injured in your vehicle during an accident (i.e., you or your passengers) will be covered by MPC.

Usually, it extends to the following expenses:

  • Medical payments
  • Lost wages
  • Funeral costs

MPC might come into play if you’re struck by a car as a pedestrian.

Note that MPC has a maximum limit for what your insurer will pay for medical expenses. Keep in mind that this coverage might already exist in your health insurance, so double-check.

Personal injury protection (PIP)

personal injury protection

It doesn’t matter who caused the accident; PIP kicks in to cover you and your family’s injuries. Actually, it applies to anyone riding in your car. Those living in a no-fault state must possess this insurance type. Conversely, it’s not a requirement in at-fault states but is optional.

Note that this coverage generally extends to rehab expenses, lost wages, and funeral expenses.

While we’ve covered the bare-bones basics, ask your insurer about other coverage options if you’re seeking something higher end.

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